-er

-er1
suffix
1》 denoting a person or thing that performs a specified action or activity: farmer.
2》 denoting a person or thing that has a specified attribute or form: two-wheeler.
3》 denoting a person concerned with a specified thing: milliner.
4》 denoting a person belonging to a specified place or group: city-dweller.
Origin
OE -ere, of Gmc origin.
————————
-er2
suffix forming the comparative of adjectives (as in bigger) and adverbs (as in faster).
Origin
OE suffix -ra (adjectival), -or (adverbial), of Gmc origin.
————————
-er3
suffix forming nouns used informally, usually by distortion of the root word: footer.
Origin
prob. an extended use of -er1; orig. Rugby School sl., later adopted at Oxford University.
————————
-er4
suffix forming frequentative verbs such as patter.
Origin
OE -erian, -rian, of Gmc origin.
————————
-er5
suffix forming nouns:
1》 such as sampler. Compare with -ar1. [ending corresponding to L. -aris.]
    ↘such as butler, danger. [ending corresponding to L. -arius, -arium.]
    ↘such as border. [ending corresponding (via OFr. -eure) to L. -atura.]
    ↘such as laver. See laver2. [ending corresponding (via OFr. -eor) to L. -atorium.]
2》 equivalent to -or1.
Origin
via OFr. or Anglo-Norman Fr. (see above).
————————
-er6
suffix chiefly Law (forming nouns) denoting verbal action or a document effecting such action: disclaimer.
Origin
from Anglo-Norman Fr. (infin. ending).

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.